The impacts of international migration are multiple, having as inherent the cultural diversity of societies, the deepening of relations between countries, entrepreneurship and innovation, open markets, the net contribution to public finances, and the effects on demography;
Migration flows in Portugal have a notable variability over the last few years. There was significant increase in the foreign population between the years 2000 and 2010. Migratory outflows remained constant until 2008, when they had a remarkable growth;
From 2010, associating negative natural balances the decline of net migration, Portugal had negative total population balances; Portugal was no longer able to compensate the negative natural balance with the migration balance;
Increased life expectancy leads to strengthening of aging and / or elderly over representation;
Portugal presented in 2012 a synthetic fertility rate of 1.28 children per woman, below the EU average of 1.6 children. In 2012, Portugal had a net negative migration rate (-3.6%) while the average of the European Union (out of the 27) was 1.8%.
Axis I - Immigrant integration policies
The objectives of this axis aim to consolidate the integration work, training and fight discrimination against immigrants and ethnic groups in the Portuguese society, with a view to a better mobilization of their talent and skills, appreciation of cultural and religious diversity, greater social mobility, decentralization of integration policies and better coordination with the employment policy and access to a common citizenship.
Axis II - Policies to promote the integration of new nationals
The objectives of this axis aim at strengthening measures to promote the integration and inclusion of the new national, namely the descendants of immigrants and all those who meanwhile had access to Portuguese nationality through actions in the fields of education, vocational training, transition to the labor market, civic and political participation, digital inclusion, entrepreneurship and training.
Axis III - Coordination Policies of migration flows
The objectives of this axis are directed to the promotion and enhancement international of Portugal as a destination of migration, through national and international actions to identify, to attract and establish migrants, contributing to a better and more intelligent management of migratory flows and to strengthen the attraction, talent and human capital circulation.
Axis IV - Policies strengthening the migratory legality and quality of migration services
The objectives of this axis relate to the strengthening of cross intervention capacity in the implementation of migration policies, by strengthening the network of partnerships with public and private entities, the framework and monitoring of potential migrants, the use of electronic tools, flexible entry procedures and claim a reinforced culture of quality and good practice in the provision of migration services.
Axis V - Incentive policies, monitoring and support the return of national emigrant citizens
The objectives of this axis aim to actions and programs in close coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to promote, monitor and support the return of national emigrated citizens abroad or strengthening their bond of ties to Portugal, contributing in this way to reverse the emigration movement of Portuguese citizens abroad.
Plans for Immigrant Integration
Evaluation of the Plans for Immigrant Integration